Humanistic Therapy Techniques: A Comprehensive Guide


Humanistic therapy techniques focus on many therapies such as Gestalt therapy, existential therapy, person-centered therapy, mindfulness-based therapy, and many more. The main goal of humanistic therapy is to facilitate personal growth, self-actualization, and overall well-being.

During the pandemic, we all realized the significance of mental health. In fact, statistics show that about 970 million people around the world struggle with some mental illness or drug abuse. Alarmingly, there are about 8 million deaths each year that are attributed to mental disorders. And more than 1 in 5 US adults live with a mental illness.

While society is evolving and we are looking for easy conveniences, there are many of us looking for meaning in life, fulfillment, inner peace, and serenity. This is where the humanistic approach comes into play. Humanistic therapy is a type of psychotherapy, which focuses on the unique experiences and potential for growth of an individual. Individuals are spared from judgemental views, and therapists are more likely to emphasize things like empathy, compassion, personal growth, self-actualization tactics, and many other techniques. Let’s dig in to find out more about the various techniques of humanistic therapy. 

Table of Contents

Person-Centered Therapy

Humanistic Therapy Techniques, Person-centered therapy

One of the most well-known forms of humanistic therapy is person-centered therapy usually touted as Rogerian therapy or client-based therapy is a type of psychotherapy that empowers clients. Clients are encouraged to take the lead in their sessions which eventually leads to the discovery of their own solutions. Developed by American psychologist Carl Rogers, this approach is non-authoritative and encourages clients to trust their own views of the world and their ability to manage it.

Unique and Individualistic Approach

According to Rogers, every person is unique, and their individual view of the world and their ability to manage it should be trusted. He believed in self-actualization, which means that every individual has the power to find the best solutions for themselves and make appropriate changes in their lives. This concept was revolutionary at the time, as it went against established notions of therapeutic practice such as psychoanalysis and behaviorism.

Non-Directive Therapy

Initially, Rogers referred to his approach as non-directive therapy because it required the therapist to follow the client’s lead and not direct the discussion. This approach turned established notions of therapeutic practice upside-down. During person-centered therapy, the therapist acts as a compassionate facilitator, listening without judgment and acknowledging the client’s experience without shifting the conversation in another direction.

Compassionate Facilitation

The therapist encourages and supports the client without interrupting or interfering with their process of self-discovery, as they uncover what hurts and what is needed to repair it. This approach recognizes that every client is unique and requires individualized treatment that is tailored to their specific needs.

Empowering Clients

Person-centered therapy empowers clients to take ownership of their problems, encouraging them to find their own solutions rather than relying on the therapist to provide them. By taking a more active role in their sessions, clients can develop a greater sense of self-awareness and self-esteem, which can lead to more effective problem-solving and a better quality of life.

Using Person-Centered Therapy: When Is It Right for You?

If you’re seeking a therapy method that’s versatile enough to accommodate both individual and group sessions, person-centered therapy might just be what you need. This approach can be used for short- or long-term therapy sessions depending on your specific needs.

Person-centered therapy is especially useful for people who need help boosting their self-confidence, establishing their identity, and enhancing their interpersonal relationships. It’s also an effective approach for individuals who require support in making critical decisions and developing self-trust.

This therapy technique can be utilized on its own or in combination with other therapies and has been scientifically validated in treating various mental health issues.

Before opting for person-centered therapy, it’s important to understand that your motivation to participate in the sessions will significantly impact the success of the therapy. Since you lead the sessions, those who are motivated to take an active part in their healing process are more likely to see positive outcomes.

Person-centered therapy includes:

  • Boosting self-confidence and finding identity
  • Improving interpersonal relationships
  • Receiving support in decision-making and self-trust development
  • Effective treatment of mental health issues
  • Dealing with challenging life circumstances

Person-Centered Therapy: The Role of the Therapist

In person-centered therapy the therapist’s job isn’t really to give advice, instead, their main focus is to create a welcoming and non-judgmental environment through displaying authenticity, positive regard, and empathetic understanding. Instead of directing the client, the therapist encourages them to determine the direction of therapy on their own. The therapist helps the client by asking questions to clarify their thoughts and feelings, ultimately aiming to guide them towards their own solutions to their problems.

Person-centered therapy is often used to address a variety of issues, such as relationship problems, anxiety, depression, addictions, bereavement, sexuality, anger, and life transitions. It is best suited for those who are motivated to understand themselves better and work towards resolving their issues.

The number of sessions required will be discussed during the initial session, and it can vary based on individual needs and preferences when taking a person-centered approach.

The Importance of Empathy in Person-Centered Therapy

The beauty of empathy, according to Rogers, is that it doesn’t require a therapist to have gone through the same experiences or feelings as their clients. It’s a learned skill that can be honed in a clinical setting.

Rogers’ concept of empathy is all about truly stepping into another person’s world and hearing them out with complete sensitivity and without judgment. It takes a tremendous amount of courage to do this, but the reward is a deep understanding of their perspective. The approach involves reflective listening, where a therapist gently guesses what their client means instead of bombarding them with challenging or pressuring questions.

The process of reflective listening helps both the therapist and the client move towards a clearer understanding of one another. It’s an incredible feeling to be heard and understood, and that’s exactly what empathy does in therapy. 

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Gestalt Therapy

Gestalt Therapy, Humanistic Therapy Techniques

Gestalt therapy is a truly remarkable approach to psychotherapy that’s all about living in the present moment and taking control of your life. It’s a therapy that empowers individuals to face their current challenges head-on, exploring their deepest thoughts and emotions in the quest for greater self-awareness.

But what makes Gestalt therapy so special? Well, for one thing, it’s a humanistic approach that’s all about putting the individual at the forefront. It’s a refreshing change from traditional psychoanalysis, which often dwells on the past and overlooks the unique experiences and perspectives of the person.

In Gestalt therapy, you’re encouraged to take ownership of your feelings and work through your challenges using creative and experiential methods. You’re not here to fix the past but to experience it in the present and let go of any negative thought patterns that may be holding you back.

And the results? They’re truly life-changing. Through Gestalt therapy, you’ll learn to recognize your full potential and overcome self-imposed limitations. It’s a powerful journey of self-discovery that requires courage, honesty, and vulnerability. But by embracing the complexity of your experiences and seeing them as part of a larger system, you’ll be empowered to take control of your life and achieve true self-actualization.

The Role of Perception

Have you ever stopped to think about how your brain processes the world around you? Well, according to Gestalt psychology, it’s not just about the individual pieces that make up an experience. It’s about the whole pattern or configuration.

Fritz Perls took this idea and applied it to human experience. He believed that healthy individuals organize their experiences into well-defined needs and respond to them appropriately. But our perceptions can be biased, based on our personalities, experiences, and expectations.

Sometimes what we perceive as a figure and what we perceive as the ground can drastically alter our interpretation of a situation. It’s like watching a football game and grouping players based on the colors of their uniforms. Our brain uses proximity to group things together and continuity to perceive smooth, flowing lines rather than jagged, broken ones.

And the principle of closure helps us to organize our perceptions into complete objects, rather than a series of parts. It’s amazing how our brains can piece together different stimuli to create a meaningful perception.

The Importance of the Present Moment

Most therapeutic approaches tend to focus on the past, delving into past relationships, past trauma, depression, and previous drug use. They believe that past experiences linger and shape who we are today. But, dwelling on the past can prevent us from fully embracing the present moment.

That’s where Gestalt Therapy comes in. It’s a holistic, whole-person approach that concentrates on the present moment. The main purpose is to help individuals focus on what’s happening in their lives right now and to understand their current situation. Instead of analyzing past events, the therapist encourages the client to re-experience the moment and express how it feels right now. It’s all about experiencing your feelings and not just talking about them.

Gestalt Therapy aims to help individuals overcome unresolved negative emotions, such as anger, guilt, pain, resentment, and jealousy, by expressing these emotions in the present time. While these emotions might be tied to past experiences, the ultimate goal is to be aware of the present moment. This type of therapy helps individuals discover what thoughts, feelings, or behaviors might be causing them anxiety.

The primary goal of Gestalt Therapy is to increase self-awareness and improve our present reality. By understanding ourselves better and recognizing how past negative emotions can affect the present, we can overcome many different obstacles, including anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, substance use disorders, and relationship problems.

There are various techniques used in Gestalt Therapy, including dreamwork, guided fantasy, role-playing, confrontation, the empty chair technique, and the exaggeration exercise. Each technique is designed to help individuals explore their emotions and experiences in the present moment, leading to a greater sense of self-awareness and growth.

The Power of Personal Responsibility

In the world of gestalt therapy, taking responsibility can be approached in two distinct ways. As Latner (1973, p.70) suggests, the first way involves being “aware of what is happening to us” and the second requires us to “own up to acts, impulses, and feelings.” It’s the job of gestalt therapists to help their clients take both of these forms of responsibility.

At the start of therapy, clients may not have fully internalized their emotions or problems, and they may externalize the blame, often attributing their actions to the fault of others (O’Leary, 2013). They may also find themselves stuck in the past, dwelling on past mistakes or regrets about their actions.

However, as clients begin to take responsibility for their own thoughts and behaviors, they begin to see how much power they have over their lives (O’Leary, 2013). To achieve this, they must develop an acute awareness of their present experiences and take ownership of their part in interactions. Gestalt therapists guide clients through this process by helping them to increase their awareness of their past experiences, encourage new and flexible behaviors, and ultimately help them take personal responsibility for their lives.

The Use of Creative Techniques

Imagery and creative work in therapy can be a powerful tool for bypassing a client’s constructed thoughts and behaviors that limit or deny their felt experience.  By tapping into the creative part of our brain, we can access a deeper level of understanding and expression that might not have been accessible otherwise.

However, there’s also a potential danger to using imagery and creative work in therapy. By bypassing a client’s resistance to exploring their thoughts, behaviors, and feelings, we might inadvertently miss important insights that could be crucial to their growth and healing.

In Gestalt psychology, creative thinking is all about approaching and solving problems through insight, novel goals, and solutions. This can be achieved through problem-solving by recognizing a gestalt or organizing principle. It’s all about being curious, experimental, and open to new possibilities.

That’s why many Gestalt therapists will use activities like sculpting, drawing, and painting to help their patients gain awareness of their surroundings, stay present in the moment, and learn how to process their experiences in real time.

Interestingly, creativity is actually at the core of Gestalt therapy. Its founders were known for their creativity and artistry, and they recognized the importance of creativity in our everyday experiences. Creativity is all about spontaneous adaptation in interpersonal processes, and it’s an essential ingredient of healthy social living.

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Existential Therapy

existential therapy, Humanistic Therapy Techniques

Existential therapy is a type of counseling or psychotherapy that draws from philosophical principles, which can make it difficult to define precisely. Some therapists view it more as an attitude or perspective towards therapy rather than a distinct counseling or psychotherapy school, but others see it as a specific approach in its own right.

The core idea behind the existential theory is that humans have free choice, and through that free choice, we can create purpose and meaning in our lives. We have the power to choose who we want to be. The roots of existential theory date back to the early 1800s, and the first philosopher to explore it was Søren Kierkegaard, often known as the father of existentialism. Other key influences on existentialist theory include Friedrich Nietzsche, Dr. Karl Jaspers, Dr. Martin Heidegger, Jean-Paul Sartre, Dr. Viktor Frankl, and Dr. Irvin Yalom.

Existential therapy places a strong emphasis on relatedness, spontaneity, flexibility, and freedom from rigid doctrines or dogmas. It focuses on exploring the human condition, considering all human experience as inseparable from the ground of existence or “being in the world.”

The therapy is designed to help people who are experiencing suffering and crisis. Some existential therapists aim to alleviate or mitigate distress and assist individuals in facing life’s challenges more meaningfully, authentically, and constructively. Others engage in a wide-ranging exploration of existence without presupposing any particular therapeutic goals or outcomes.

There are four key themes, often known as pillars, of existential therapy: death, meaning, isolation, and freedom. These are big topics that can often cause people anxiety, but working through these anxieties with your therapist can help you reach a point of acceptance.

The aim of existential therapy is to help individuals illuminate how they come to choose, create, and perpetuate their own way of being in the world. It brings curiosity to what it means to be human, tackling fundamental questions about human existence such as the purpose of life, the question of freedom versus determinism, mortality, meaning and significance, and how one should live their life. Therapists prioritize a supportive and collaborative exploration of patients’ or clients’ lives and experiences, considering the nature and quality of the therapeutic relationship and the relationships between clients and their contextual lived worlds as crucial.

The Importance of Choice

At its core, existentialism is all about personal choice and what it means to exist. It’s all about the idea that we create our own meaning in life through the choices we make.

According to existential philosophers, we start off as “nothing” when we’re born, but it’s up to us to create our own values and purpose in life. That’s a pretty big responsibility, but it also means we have the freedom to create something meaningful and unique for ourselves.

One of the key aspects of this philosophy is the emphasis on unrestricted freedom. We’re free to create our own goals, make something of ourselves, and have meaningful experiences. It’s all about making the most of the choices we have.

Of course, with freedom comes uncertainty. Existential theorists recognize that life can be unpredictable and sometimes even absurd. It can be hard to find meaning in that chaos, but they believe that we have the power to create our own significance.

However, the awareness of our freedom and responsibility can sometimes lead to anxiety and dread. It can be overwhelming to realize that the choices we make have a real impact on our lives.

But even with that anxiety, we still have the power to choose. We can make healthy, constructive choices that bring us closer to our goals, or we can make destructive choices that hold us back. It’s up to us to decide.

The Search for Authenticity

Authenticity is a key concept in existentialist theory. It’s all about being true to yourself and making choices that align with your fundamental beliefs, regardless of what other people might say or do.

In fact, individuality is a critical aspect of existential philosophy that ties into authenticity. Existentialists don’t believe that there’s some inherent human nature that we all need to conform to. Instead, we have the freedom to define our own values and purpose.

According to Sartre, one of the most important existentialist thinkers, we are all free entities with the power to shape our own existence. This freedom of choice is what separates us from being mere objects in the world. However, not everyone chooses to embrace their freedom. Some people fall into what Sartre called “bad faith,” where they simply go through the motions of life without taking responsibility for their own choices.

On the other hand, those who live with “good faith” are authentic individuals who consciously make their own choices and take ownership of their lives. They don’t let society dictate who they should be or what they should do. Instead, they create their own path and find inspiration in their own freedom.

To be authentic, we must accept our responsibility for our own lives and reject traditional notions of happiness or satisfaction. This means embracing our own uniqueness and committing ourselves to our own personal goals. The more committed we are to our authentic selves, the more powerful our authenticity becomes.

Martin Heidegger, one of the earliest existentialist philosophers, was the first to introduce the concept of authenticity in philosophy in his book “Being and Time.” Kierkegaard, another important existentialist thinker, used authenticity to describe a selfhood that is free from social obligations and aesthetic standards. Both thinkers emphasized the importance of personal commitment in developing authenticity.

In short, living an authentic life means accepting our own freedom and responsibility for shaping our own existence. When we embrace this notion, we become our own creators and take ownership of our lives.

The Acceptance of Death

Most people do not think about their own death and instead, avoid the topic because it is seen as depressing. Society has developed a taboo around death due to the two World Wars and advancements in science, technology, and medicine. This taboo is reflected in mainstream culture, which tends to avoid the topic of death and focus on superficial distractions and entertainment. In traditional societies, death was more closely linked to people’s everyday experiences through religion and multigenerational households. However, as religion and traditional family systems have declined, death has become less connected to people’s everyday lives. This lack of awareness about death can lead to a lack of reflection on important life moments and can contribute to serious youth social problems such as teen suicide.

Accepting the fact of death can give life more meaning and help people become more fully aware. Philosophers such as Kierkegaard and Heidegger view death as connected to life and important to authentic human life. 

According to Seung Hwan Shim, a scholar from Anyang University, people should seriously consider their own deaths and reflect on their values and meaningful lives. Thinking deeply about their own deaths allows individuals to realize that they are responsible for creating their own value and meaning systems.

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Positive Psychology

The Science of Well-Being

Humanistic Therapy Techniques, positive  psychology

According to experts in positive psychology, like Martin Seligman and Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, positive psychology is “the scientific study of positive human functioning and flourishing on multiple levels that include the biological, personal, relational, institutional, cultural, and global dimensions of life.”

You can use the principles of positive psychology to improve your self-esteem and self-confidence by embracing your inherent characteristics and the events that have made you who you are. The goal is to foster acceptance and optimism about your future.

One popular theory of well-being that stems from positive psychology is the PERMA model. Seligman developed this acronym to represent the five elements of well-being:

Positive Emotions – such as satisfaction, awe, excitement, pride, and others typically translate to positive outcomes in other aspects of life. Positive emotions give us hope for a positive future.

Engagement – engaging with activities that put us in “flow,” where we find ourselves passionate and heavily concentrated on a task at hand. When we are really engaged, nothing else matters, and we can lose a sense of the negative realities around us.

Relationships – through good times and bad, help us strengthen positive emotions. And, many positive emotions are experienced in groups. Even introverted people need relationships, as they are fundamental to one’s well-being.

Meaning – having a sense of purpose gives us drive. Meaning gives us context to why we may be engaging with our lives the way we do, through work, school, community, or any other aspect of life.

Accomplishments – having a sense of accomplishment gives us pride and positive emotions. This can be work-based, hobby-based, community-based, etc.

These elements of well-being are pursued for their own sake, and they are an end in themselves.

The Focus on Strengths

Positive psychology’s six virtues are core aspects of human excellence that allow us to survive and thrive. Researchers have found six core virtues to be ubiquitous across cultures. The 24 character strengths are organized under the six virtues of wisdom and knowledge, humanity, justice, courage, temperance, and transcendence.

Character strengths are vital in identifying both strengths and ways to use them in a person’s life. Building on one’s positive character strengths can help improve emotional well-being, as well as address the challenges and difficulties people face. It’s worth noting that the 24 character strengths identified in these tools have been studied across cultures. Studies have shown that these strengths are linked to important components of individual and social well-being, even though different strengths predict different outcomes.

For example, growing evidence indicates that character strengths like hope, kindness, social intelligence, self-regulation, and perspective all guard against the negative effects of stress and trauma. On the other hand, successful recovery from physical illnesses is associated with increases in bravery, kindness, and humor. In conclusion, positive psychology and focusing on strengths can have a significant impact on our emotional and social well-being, allowing us to lead a happy and fulfilling life.

Unlocking a person’s strengths can open doors to a world of possibilities. By identifying and building on their positive character traits, psychologists, educators, and parents can help young people achieve academic success, develop tolerance, delay gratification, and value diversity.

Character strengths give us a unique lens to understand and appreciate individuals. It’s not just about recognizing what makes them stand out, but also using that information to help them grow and improve. For instance, encouraging people to use their signature strengths in a new way each week can boost happiness and reduce depression, according to a study that spanned six months.

This approach has proven so successful that it’s been used to help older adults, employees, and people with traumatic brain injuries. Another strategy involves focusing on a person’s lowest-rated character strengths as a way to enhance those areas of their lives.

The Importance of Gratitude

Gratitude is an interesting emotion that many people feel they understand instinctively, but it can be challenging to define. It is a complex phenomenon that can take on different meanings in various contexts. However, researchers have developed frameworks to help us understand gratitude so that it can be studied scientifically. For example, Robert Emmons and Michael McCullough describe gratitude as a two-step process involving recognizing a positive outcome and acknowledging an external source for it. Although gratitude is often considered an “other-oriented” emotion, people can also feel grateful toward things like nature or fate. Psychologists further categorize gratitude into three types: affective trait, mood, and emotion. Most studies in this area focus on dispositional gratitude and gratitude as an emotion.

Research has shown that gratitude is not just a cultural construct. It is deeply embedded in our evolutionary history, our brains, and DNA, and in child development. Many animals also exhibit reciprocal altruism, a behavior in which an animal helps another, even at a cost to themselves, potentially because they understand that the other individual may return the favor at a later time. This desire to repay kindness can be seen as a form of gratitude. Some scientists suggest that gratitude may have evolved as a mechanism to foster reciprocal altruism, allowing strangers to become friends and allies who are more likely to help each other.

While humans as a species may have a general propensity for gratitude, there are several factors that determine whether an individual feels grateful or not. For instance, personality factors, and gender can all influence one’s propensity for gratitude. Studies have examined the link between personality traits such as extraversion, agreeableness, neuroticism, and dispositional gratitude, with mixed results. There are also cognitive factors to consider, such as the perceived intention of the benefactor and the perceived value of the gift or favor. Girls and women tend to report feeling more grateful than boys and men, although this could be because boys and men often associate gratitude with weakness or indebtedness. Certain traits like envy, materialism, narcissism, and cynicism can act as barriers to gratitude.

Numerous studies have explored the relationship between gratitude and various aspects of well-being, including life satisfaction, optimism, and happiness. Individuals with a high level of dispositional gratitude often report higher levels of psychological well-being, including life satisfaction. Additionally, daily feelings of gratitude are associated with both hedonic (pleasure-related) and eudaimonic (meaning and self-realization-related) well-being. Although research suggests that gratitude interventions may be helpful for people with depression and suicidal ideation, further study is needed to determine which interventions work best and for whom.

The Power of Positive Thinking

Positive thinking is all about consciously finding the positive side of any situation, even when it might seem tough to do so. For example, when someone cuts you off in traffic, instead of getting angry, you could use it as a reminder to keep a safe distance from other cars on the road. Or when you have a difficult conversation with someone, you can view it as an opportunity to learn and understand different perspectives.

Positive thinking can actually lead to positive health outcomes. According to Dr. Eric Kim at Harvard, people who have a more optimistic outlook have a reduced risk of dying from various diseases.

When you have a positive mindset, you’re able to make the best out of any situation. You focus on what you can control, let go of what you can’t, and look for ways to improve and learn. This is especially important during tough times when life feels out of control. Positive thinking triggers positive emotions like joy, contentment, and love, which can lead to taking positive actions and building resilience.

Research from Barbara Fredrickson at the University of North Carolina shows that positive emotions help people overcome difficulties more quickly and become more resilient. She developed the broaden-and-build theory, which uses positive emotions to solve growth challenges. A positive mindset is also linked to creativity, empathy, cooperation, and connection – all important qualities in life and business.

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Applications of Humanistic Therapy Techniques

Anxiety Disorder

Anxiety disorder is a complex topic that’s influenced by many different things, like genetics and our environment. Research shows that some risk factors for developing anxiety disorders include being naturally shy or inhibited as a kid, going through stressful events, having a family history of mental illness, and experiencing physical health conditions like thyroid problems or heart arrhythmias.

In humanistic therapy, the focus is on helping people practice self-acceptance and see themselves more honestly. One humanistic treatment for anxiety is called motivational interviewing.

Motivational interviewing is all about helping people find their own reasons to make positive changes in their lives. It involves asking open-ended questions, listening carefully to patients’ responses, and encouraging them to talk about the pros and cons of making changes. By increasing their intrinsic motivation and decreasing ambivalence about change, patients can develop a greater sense of self-efficacy and reduce anxiety.

If you’re dealing with anxiety, it’s important to remember that there’s no one-size-fits-all solution. But studies have shown that combining cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) with motivational interviewing can be especially effective for treating generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). 


Depression is a condition characterized by persistent low mood, loss of interest in enjoyable activities, and low motivation. Symptoms may include feelings of hopelessness, guilt, lack of concentration, insomnia, and a lack of appetite. In clinical depression, the condition interferes with daily life and functioning. While anti-depressants like SSRIs (e.g. Sertraline or Citalopram) may be prescribed to treat depression, the underlying causes of depression are complex and varied.

Humanistic therapy views depression as a disturbance in an individual’s ability to grow to their full potential and emphasizes personal growth, self-determination, and human potential. Treatment involves providing the core conditions of empathy, unconditional positive regard, and congruence to help the depressed individual experience self-acceptance and self-worth. Research has found that creativity can play a crucial role in treating depression, with creative-expressive techniques and expressive arts therapies offering suitable treatment options. By recognizing the values of creativity and non-verbal communication, these therapies can facilitate the activation of multiple roles residing in the patient’s psychological dynamics.

The patient’s artistic products, such as drawings, collages, or art genograms, can be used to facilitate self-expression and offer immediate and objective answers to specific problems. Art-based therapies have the potential to enhance creativity and self-awareness, as well as bring a sense of achievement, balance, and new insights. However, treating depression through therapy can be challenging for both therapists and clients. As such, a humanistic experiential intervention based on creative-expressive techniques can provide a suitable protocol for treating depression.

Relationship Issues

Relationships are key to survival and the meaning of life. According to existential philosophers, we are all part of a larger context and always in a relationship. That’s why existential therapists focus on relationships as a pivotal issue in discussions about the world.

Kierkegaard believed that we tend to be objective toward others and subjective toward ourselves. He thought that we need to reverse this and be objective toward ourselves and subjective toward others. In his book ‘Works of Love’, he emphasized the importance of creating a loving relationship with God or eternity. He believed that our relationships with other things, like jobs, possessions, or people, must come from our individuality as we reflect on ourselves and reach out to eternity.

On the other hand, Nietzsche thought that we should avoid following others and focus on protecting our individuality and privacy. He believed that couples should prioritize themselves and protect their privacy in order to protect their individuality. By learning to love ourselves and take responsibility for our lives, we can improve the quality of our relationships.

Heidegger emphasized that we can’t escape others because they are part of our lives. He believed that we need to learn to balance our existential state with the needs of others. This tension can be especially noticeable in couples’ relationships, but Heidegger believed that we should allocate time for ourselves and ponder life in solitude. By doing so, we can become influential people, show our capabilities, face death alone, take responsibility for our lives, and constantly strive to fulfill the real meanings in our lives.

It is also interesting to consider the perspectives of both Sartre and de Beauvoir on the topic of relationships, particularly in the context of marriage. Sartre’s belief in the importance of benevolence and mutual understanding in relationships is certainly a positive one, as it emphasizes the importance of treating others with kindness and respect. However, de Beauvoir’s observation that in many relationships, one partner may hold a position of power over the other is also a valid one. It is important to recognize that in some cases, the dynamics of a relationship may not be equal or fair and that this can lead to issues of control and manipulation.


Humanistic therapy is indeed an effective approach for addressing addiction as it takes into account the person as a whole and acknowledges the underlying emotional and psychological factors that contribute to addictive behaviors. This approach is founded on the belief that individuals possess the potential to create positive changes in their lives and attain their full potential.

Humanistic therapists tackle addiction treatment with confidence by fostering a non-judgmental, empathetic, and supportive atmosphere, allowing individuals to explore their emotions, thoughts, and actions. Their focus is on assisting clients to establish a strong sense of self-worth, self-acceptance, and self-love, leading to the development of more positive behaviors and healthier coping mechanisms.

Humanistic therapists use a range of proven techniques, such as person-centered therapy, gestalt therapy, existential therapy, mindfulness-based therapy, and narrative therapy, to aid individuals in overcoming addiction. These techniques promote the use of inner resources, full expression of emotions, taking responsibility for one’s choices and actions, and creating new positive narratives about their lives.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is Humanistic Therapy?

Humanistic therapy is a type of psychotherapy that emphasizes a client-centered approach, where the therapist creates a non-judgmental and supportive environment to help individuals explore their emotions, thoughts, and behaviors. The focus is on empowering individuals to make positive changes in their lives by addressing the underlying emotional and psychological factors that contribute to their issues.

How is Humanistic Therapy Different from Other Approaches?

Humanistic therapy is different from other approaches in that it emphasizes the individual’s ability to make positive changes in their lives and reach their full potential. This approach is non-directive, meaning that the therapist does not tell clients what to do but rather supports them in finding their own solutions. Additionally, humanistic therapy places a strong emphasis on the client-therapist relationship, which is viewed as a key factor in the success of treatment.

What Types of Issues Can Humanistic Therapy Help With?

Humanistic therapy can help individuals with a wide range of issues, including anxiety, depression, relationship problems, low self-esteem, addiction, and trauma. This approach is particularly effective for individuals who are looking to develop a stronger sense of self-worth, self-acceptance, and self-love, which can ultimately lead to the development of healthier coping mechanisms and positive behaviors.

How Long Does Humanistic Therapy Last?

The length of humanistic therapy varies depending on the individual’s needs and the severity of their issues. Some individuals may only need a few sessions, while others may require several months or even years of therapy. The therapist and client work together to determine the length of treatment, which may change as the individual progresses.

Is Humanistic Therapy Right for Me?

Humanistic therapy can be a good fit for individuals who are looking for a non-judgmental, supportive, and empowering approach to therapy. This approach can be particularly effective for individuals who are seeking to develop a stronger sense of self-worth, self-acceptance, and self-love. However, it’s important to note that not all approaches work for everyone, and it’s important to find a therapist and approach that feels right for you.


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