What is Somatic Therapy and How Does It Work?


Somatic therapy is a powerful approach that recognizes the interconnectedness of the mind and body in the healing process. By incorporating the body into therapy, somatic practices help individuals address trauma, reduce stress, enhance self-awareness, and promote overall well-being.

Somatic therapy is a holistic approach to healing that recognizes the profound connection between the mind and body. It acknowledges that emotional experiences and psychological well-being are intricately linked to bodily sensations, movements, and physiological responses. By incorporating the body into the therapeutic process, somatic therapy aims to promote overall wellness, resolve trauma, and enhance self-awareness.

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Understanding the Mind-Body Connection

Somatic Therapy

In somatic therapy, the mind-body connection is a fundamental concept. It emphasizes that our bodies play a crucial role in our emotional experiences. For example, when we feel anxious, our heart rate may increase, and our muscles may tense up. Similarly, a joyful experience might be accompanied by a sense of lightness and ease in our bodies. This bidirectional relationship between the mind and body forms the basis of somatic therapy.

How Trauma Affects the Body?

Traumatic experiences can have a lasting impact on the body. When someone goes through a traumatic event, their nervous system can become dysregulated, leading to symptoms such as hypervigilance, dissociation, and chronic pain. Somatic therapy recognizes that trauma is stored in the body and aims to release these held tensions through specific techniques, facilitating the healing process.

Principles of Somatic Therapy

Somatic therapy is guided by several core principles that inform its practice:

  1. Embodied Awareness: This principle encourages individuals to cultivate a heightened sense of present-moment awareness, paying attention to bodily sensations, emotions, and thoughts. By attuning to their body’s wisdom, clients can gain insights into their internal experiences and develop a deeper understanding of themselves.
  2. Tracking Bodily Sensations: Somatic therapy emphasizes tracking and exploring bodily sensations as valuable sources of information. By observing sensations such as tightness, warmth, or tingling, individuals can understand how their bodies respond to various stimuli, including emotions and triggers.
  3. Regulation and Grounding Techniques: Somatic therapy utilizes techniques to regulate and ground the nervous system. These techniques may involve deep breathing exercises, gentle movement, or engaging the senses to promote a sense of safety and stability in the body.

Techniques Used in Somatic Therapy

Somatic therapy incorporates various techniques to support healing and self-exploration. Some commonly used techniques include:

  1. Somatic Experiencing: Developed by Peter A. Levine, this approach focuses on renegotiating and resolving the physiological and emotional imprints of trauma. Through gradual and guided exploration of bodily sensations, individuals can release held trauma and restore a sense of balance and resilience.
  2. Sensorimotor Psychotherapy: Combining mindfulness and body-centered interventions, sensorimotor psychotherapy aims to address trauma-related symptoms and enhance self-regulation. By attuning to bodily experiences, individuals can cultivate new resources and patterns of relating to themselves and others.
  3. Dance/Movement Therapy: This expressive and integrative form of therapy uses movement and dance to explore emotions, release tension, and promote self-expression. Through guided movement exercises, individuals can access and process emotions that may be difficult to verbalize.
  4. Bioenergetic Analysis: Bioenergetic analysis combines traditional psychotherapy with an understanding of how energy flows through the body. By integrating talk therapy with physical exercises and movements, this approach aims to release emotional and physical blocks, promoting increased vitality and well-being.

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Benefits of Somatic Therapy

Somatic therapy offers numerous benefits for individuals seeking holistic healing and personal growth:

  1. Healing Trauma and PTSD: Somatic therapy provides a powerful avenue for healing trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). By addressing the body’s responses to traumatic experiences, individuals can release stored tension, reduce symptoms, and reclaim a sense of safety and empowerment.
  2. Reducing Anxiety and Stress: Engaging with the body in therapy can help reduce anxiety and stress. Somatic techniques promote relaxation, regulate the nervous system, and enhance resilience in the face of life’s challenges.
  3. Enhancing Self-Awareness and Self-Regulation: Somatic therapy fosters self-awareness by bringing attention to bodily sensations, emotions, and patterns of behavior. This heightened awareness empowers individuals to make conscious choices and regulate their responses to various situations.
  4. Improving Body Image and Self-Esteem: Somatic therapy encourages individuals to develop a compassionate and accepting relationship with their bodies. By exploring and reframing their bodily experiences, clients can enhance body image, cultivate self-acceptance, and improve self-esteem.

Who can benefit from Somatic Therapy?

Somatic therapy can benefit a wide range of individuals, including:

  1. Individuals with a history of trauma: Somatic therapy offers a safe and effective approach for healing trauma, including childhood trauma, abuse, and accidents.
  2. People experiencing chronic pain or illness: Somatic therapy can help individuals manage and reduce physical discomfort associated with chronic pain or illness by addressing the mind-body connection.
  3. Those seeking personal growth and self-discovery: Somatic therapy provides a valuable tool for personal growth, self-exploration, and cultivating a deeper connection with oneself.

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The Process of Somatic Therapy

Somatic Therapy initial assessment

Somatic therapy typically involves the following process:

  1. Initial Assessment and Goal Setting: In the beginning, the therapist conducts an initial assessment to understand the client’s history, goals, and areas of concern. Together, they collaboratively set goals for the therapy process.
  2. Establishing a Therapeutic Relationship: Building a strong therapeutic relationship based on trust and safety is crucial in somatic therapy. The therapist creates a supportive environment where the client feels comfortable exploring their inner experiences.
  3. Engaging in Somatic Practices: The client engages in somatic practices guided by the therapist. These practices may include body scans, gentle movements, breathwork, or expressive exercises aimed at increasing body awareness and promoting healing.
  4. Integration and Reflection: After engaging in somatic practices, the therapist and client reflect on the experiences, emotions, and insights that arise during the session. Integration involves making connections between bodily sensations, emotions, and past experiences to promote healing and personal growth.

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Somatic Workout

Somatic workouts are a fascinating approach to exercise that focuses on improving body awareness, movement patterns, and overall physical function. This method, rooted in the field of somatics, emphasizes the connection between the mind and body to enhance flexibility, strength, and coordination.

Sample Somatic Exercises:

  1. Pandiculation:
    • Stand or sit comfortably.
    • Slowly contract a specific muscle or muscle group.
    • Hold for a few seconds, then release gradually.
    • Follow with a full-body stretch, reaching and lengthening.
  2. Sensory Motor Amnesia (SMA) Release:
    • Identify an area of tension or discomfort.
    • Gently contract and release the muscles in that area.
    • Focus on relaxing the muscles fully during the release phase.
  3. Segmental Rolling:
    • Lie on your back with knees bent.
    • Roll slowly from side to side, segment by segment.
    • Pay attention to each vertebra’s movement and engage your core.
  4. Breath-Centric Movement:
    • Combine gentle movements with deep, rhythmic breathing.
    • For example, inhale as you lengthen your spine exhale as you release and soften.

Tips for a Successful Somatic Workout:

  • Start Slow: Gradually ease into the exercises, allowing your body to adapt to the movements and sensations.
  • Mindful Practice: Stay present during your workout. Focus on the quality of movement and the feedback your body provides.
  • Consistency Matters: Regular practice is key to reprogramming movement patterns and releasing chronic tension.

Embrace the journey of self-discovery through somatic workouts. It’s not just about getting fit; it’s about cultivating a deeper understanding of your body and fostering a harmonious relationship between your physical and mental well-being.


  1. Is somatic therapy suitable for everyone? Somatic therapy can be beneficial for many individuals. However, it is essential to consult with a qualified therapist to determine if it aligns with your specific needs and goals.
  2. How long does somatic therapy typically last? The duration of somatic therapy can vary depending on the individual and their therapeutic goals. Some individuals may benefit from short-term therapy, while others may engage in long-term treatment.
  3. Are there any risks or side effects associated with somatic therapy? Somatic therapy is generally considered safe and non-invasive. However, it is important to work with a trained and licensed therapist to ensure proper guidance and support throughout the process.
  4. Can somatic therapy be combined with other therapeutic approaches? Yes, somatic therapy can be integrated with other therapeutic modalities, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy or mindfulness practices, to create a comprehensive and tailored treatment plan.
  5. How do I find a qualified somatic therapist? To find a qualified somatic therapist, you can ask for recommendations from trusted healthcare professionals, search online directories, or contact professional associations related to somatic therapy. It is crucial to choose a therapist who is licensed, experienced, and aligns with your specific needs and preferences.

Disclaimer: Please note that this article is for informational purposes only and should not replace professional medical or therapeutic advice.


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