Medicinal Plants: Insights from Indigenous Native American Wisdom


Discover the healing properties of traditional medicinal plants in the Native American culture. Learn how these natural remedies have been used for centuries to treat a variety of health conditions.

Throughout history, alternative medicine has been a crucial part of humanity’s quest to overcome illness, viruses, and diseases. Developed through careful research and passed down through generations, these natural remedies were once the cornerstone of human health. However, as modern civilization progressed, people became increasingly disconnected from the natural world, and much of this ancient wisdom was forgotten.

One example of this is the traditional Native American medicine, which played a vital role in the health and survival of the Northern American people. With a deep understanding of the interconnected nature of all life, Native Americans recognized that physical health depended on the harmony between the mind, body, and spirit. They discovered that certain plants could heal imbalances in the body, cataloging over 500 medicinal plants through oral tradition alone.

For Native Americans, healing was not just about curing physical ailments. They believed that staying connected to their natural environment was essential to ward off illness and harm. Herbal remedies were a crucial part of their healing practices, passed down through generations and varied from region to region. Some healers even wrote down their own formulas, although many remedies remain a mystery today.

But herbal medicine was not unique to Native American cultures. In the 14th century, people began trading medicinal herbs around the world, introducing new remedies like cinnamon, ginger, and cardamom to Europe. In times of widespread illness, such as the period between the 12th and 18th centuries, herbal medicine proved more effective than other drugs in combating diseases like malaria, smallpox, and syphilis.

Today, herbal medicine remains popular in some parts of the world, particularly in areas where modern medicine may not be readily available. While advancements in medicine have undoubtedly improved our ability to treat and cure illness, but there is still much to be learned from the ancient wisdom of alternative medicine. Below let’s find out about the knowledge of medicinal plants from the Native Americans.

Read About: The Power of Nature: Medicinal Gardens in the Ancient World

The Lenape People’s Knowledge of Medicinal Plants

Medicinal Plants
William Penn’s 1682 treaty with the Lenape depicted in Penn’s Treaty with the Indians a 1771 portrait by Benjamin West.

In the land of Lenapehoking, which the Lenape people called home for centuries, nature was the primary source of healing during times of sickness and affliction. The Lenape, also known as the “Delawares,” possessed a vast knowledge of medicinal plants, which they believed were gifts from Kishelëmukònk, the Creator of all things.

What made their approach unique was their deep reverence for the spirits of each plant. Before harvesting a specific plant, they would offer a small amount of Indian tobacco to the plant’s spirit as a sign of respect. This spiritual connection was an integral part of their healing practices and a way of maintaining harmony with the natural world.

The Europeans who arrived in Lenapehoking were amazed by the Lenape’s knowledge and skill in using native plants for healing. Even John Heckewelder, an American missionary for the Moravian Church, praised the Lenape’s “science,” which was based on observation, experience, and the tried-and-true efficacy of natural remedies.

Today, Lenape healing traditions continue, passed down through generations of elders and healers. The ceremony remains a vital part of the process, with prayers, songs, and offerings made to the plant spirits before gathering them for medicinal use. Plants like cedar, tobacco, sage, and sweetgrass are still used in healing ceremonies and are believed to possess powerful spiritual energies.

Read About: A Guide to Ayurvedic Medicine

The Power of Medicinal Plants in Northern Peru’s Traditional Medicine

Native American Wisdom about medicinal plants
Source: Wikimedia Commons

Likewise, the ancient healing practices of northern Peru are deeply rooted in the traditional knowledge of plants. And this knowledge probably goes back to the Moche period (AC 100-800). In a study conducted by Rainer W Bussmann and Douglas Sharon, it was found that this region was the center of the old Central Andean “Health Axis,” stretching from Ecuador to Bolivia.

Despite the disappearance of about 50% of the plants in use during the colonial period, the people of northern Peru have extensive knowledge of plants for medicinal purposes compared to other parts of the Andean region. A total of 510 plant species were collected, identified, and recorded with their vernacular names, traditional uses, and applications. Some of the most popular plant families used were Asteraceae, Fabaceae, Lamiaceae, and Solanaceae.

The study found that the highest number of species were used for the treatment of “magical/ritual” ailments, followed by respiratory disorders, problems of the urinary tract, infections of female organs, liver ailments, inflammations, stomach problems, and rheumatism. Most of the plants used were native to Peru, and fresh plants were commonly used for herbal decoctions or plant material poultices.

Read About: Surviving Seasonal Allergies Through Ayurvedic Medicine

List of Native American Medicinal Plants

Medicinal Plants, Native Americans used nettle
Nettle via pixabay

Echinacea: Native North American plant with pink-purple petals that can shorten the duration of the common cold and flu, and reduce symptoms, such as sore throat, cough, and fever. It can also help boost the immune system and fight infections.

Black Cohosh: Often used for menopausal symptoms, including hot flashes, night sweats, vaginal dryness, heart palpitations, tinnitus, vertigo, sleep disturbances, nervousness, and irritability.

Sage: Used as a traditional herbal remedy for sore mouth or throat, memory loss, diabetes, and high cholesterol levels.

Sweetgrass: A sacred herb native to northern Eurasia and North America, used for smudging, herbal medicine, and the production of distilled beverages. Considered one of the “four sacred medicines” by many of the Plains Indians, it is also used as a natural mosquito repellent.

Yarrow: Known for its anti-inflammatory properties and ability to staunch blood flow from slow-healing wounds. It has been used to treat joint and rheumatic pain, ocular infections, earaches, and colds.

California Poppy: This plant is known for its bright orange flower, traditionally used as a medicine in teas. It contains chemicals that might cause relaxation and sleepiness, making it useful for anxiety, insomnia, aches, and many other purposes.

Nettle: Used to treat painful muscles and joints, eczema, arthritis, gout, anemia, and urinary problems during the early stages of an enlarged prostate.

Blackberry: The leaf, root, and fruit (berry) are used to make medicine. Blackberry is used for diarrhea, fluid retention, diabetes, gout, pain and swelling (inflammation), throat irritation, and other conditions.
Rosemary: Used to alleviate headache, dysmenorrhea, stomachache, epilepsy, rheumatic pain, spasms, nervous agitation, improvement of memory, hysteria, depression, as well as physical and mental fatigue.

Mint: It creates a cool sensation in the mouth and is used to freshen breath, add flavor to foods and drinks, and alleviate digestive issues.

Red Clover: Historically used for asthma, whooping cough, cancer, and gout. Today, extracts from red clover are most often promoted for menopause symptoms, high cholesterol levels, or osteoporosis.

Cattail: Grows in swamps, marshes, bogs, and wetlands, and is useful for treating wounds, diarrhea, sore throat, and menstrual cramps. It is also edible and has many culinary uses.

Chamomile: Chamomile is commonly used for stomach ailments and mild sedation. Chamomile in combination with other herbs can ease digestive issues, while chamomile tea can relieve menstrual cramps and reduce depressive symptoms by modulating dopamine and serotonin.

Saw Palmetto: Promoted as a dietary supplement for urinary symptoms associated with an enlarged prostate gland, chronic pelvic pain, migraine, hair loss, and other conditions.

Looking to Plant Your Own Medicinal Plants?

Imagine stepping out into your backyard and picking fresh herbs like chicory, yarrow, and chamomile to create your own natural remedies. Check out our recommended Medicinal Garden Kit, and you’ll have everything you need to grow your very own backyard pharmacy, right at your fingertips.

This kit includes handpicked premium quality seeds for 10 different herbs, all packaged in the US. You’ll have detailed instructions on how to plant, grow, and harvest each herb in the free Medicinal Guide that comes with the kit. And with 2,409 high-quality, NON-GMO seeds, even if you’ve never planted anything before, you’ll have no trouble growing these 10 plants.

Not only will your medicinal garden provide you with natural remedies, but it will also add beauty and fragrance to your backyard. Picture the vibrant colors and scents of your new garden and the satisfaction of knowing you’re taking control of your own health. Say goodbye to worrying about pharmacies being closed or looted in times of crisis, and hello to the peace of mind that comes with having access to natural remedies.

Each of the 10 medicinal plants in this kit has its own unique benefits, from chicory’s natural painkilling extract to yarrow’s soothing effects on eczema and inflammation. And with plants like lavender, echinacea, and calendula, you’ll have a diverse range of natural remedies to choose from for a variety of ailments.

Don’t wait any longer to start your own medicinal garden. Order your Medicinal Garden Kit today and enjoy the benefits of having your own medicinal garden now.

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Please note the content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment. Consult your physician before consuming the plants medicinally.


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Heyleena is the lead contributor to Mystik Maze, who enjoys sharing her knowledge in various fields including History, Self-development, Wellness, and many more. She doesn't like to limit herself when it comes to sharing information that can empower anyone.

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